city is one of the leaders of software export in Eastern Europe Ukraine has a long-standing reputation as a major technology region, with a well-developed scientific and educational base. In 2012, the contribution of tourism to the GDP amounted.8 billion,.2 of GDP and directly supported 351,500 jobs (1.7 of total employment). 86 Natural gas is Ukraine's biggest import and the main cause of the country's structural trade deficit. Macroeconomic indicators Archived t the Wayback Machine. 66.526 billion entered the Ukrainian economy via remittances in 2015,.9 less than in 2014. Since the Ukrainian crisis, aerospace industry revenues have fallen.
117 119 Infrastructure edit Maritime edit About 100,000 Ukrainians regularly work on foreign merchant ships, one of the largest group of Ukrainian labor migrants and the sixth largest number of sailors from any country. 55 Early in February 2014 the National Bank of Ukraine changed the hryvnia into a fluctuating/floating currency in an attempt to meet IMF requirements and to try to enforce a stable price for the currency in the Forex market. Fxcm was once reported to be the fastest forex traders in the market with more than 160,000 accounts. 126 The country's tourism industry is generally considered to be underdeveloped, but it does provide crucial support for Ukraine's economy. The domestic industrial sector suffers from constant energy shortages and energy supply payment debts totaling about 792 million at the end of 1995. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
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The ussr's collapse put Ukraine's shipbuilding into a long-term decline. 140 According to specialists, a double taxation avoidance treaty with Cyprus (signed in 1982 by the Soviet Union) has cost Ukraine billions of US dollars of tax islamabad stock exchange forex rates revenues. Archived from the original on Retrieved b c d Amid staggering destruction, eastern Ukraine looks to rebuild, Al Jazeera (28 September 2014) a b "Ukraine economy expected to shrink 8". As of April 2011 total foreign direct investment stock in Ukraine stood.7 billion. 120 Every major Ukrainian coastal city has a maritime university. Citation needed In March 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine created State aircraft building concern «Aviation of Ukraine» (sacau which is governed by the Ministry of industrial policy.